Sderot is a city in the western Negev, in the south district of Israel . The first inhabitants of Sderot arrived in 1951 to what was then known as the Gevim-Dorot transit camp. Most of these residents were Kurdish & Persian Jewish refugees who lived in tents and shacks before building permanent structures almost four years later in 1954, with Sderot becoming the most easterly of the development towns in the northern Negev. In the 1950s, the city continued to absorb a large number of immigrants from Morocco and Romania and was declared a local council 1958. Sderot again absorbed a large immigrant population during the Aliyah from the Soviet Union in the 1990s and its population doubled in this decade. In 1996 it was declared a city.
Sderot lies one kilometer from the Gaza Strip and it's town of Beit Hanoun. Since the October 2000 the city has been under constant rocket fire from Qassam Rockets that has caused death, injuries and psychological distress as well as significant damage to homes and property. The Israeli government has installed a "Red Dawn" alarm system to warn citizens of impending rocket attacks, although its effectiveness has been questioned. Thousands of Qassam rockets have been launched since Israel's disengagement from the Gaza Strip in September 2005.